Although the different kinds of sentences are frequently taught in schools, many people learn how to master the art of writing or oration without giving them much thought. They pick up on sentence structure through their interactions with others. However, learning about the various sentence types through study offers several benefits. It can enhance writing ability, skill in argument, and help to uncover the deeper meaning of text, enhancing the success of those well-versed in English grammar. Read on to get this beneficial knowledge for yourself. All types of writing use these sentences, so it’s important to understand them fully.
Simple Sentences Say Much
Many people can gather what a simple sentence is without need of an explanation. Simple sentences are one of the most basic types that there is. This is the structure commonly used by younger children. They make a statement and express a complete thought through having a subject and a verb. For example, “Mary dances funnily” where Mary is the subject and dances is the verb.
Compound Sentences Offer More
Compound sentences can be considered the next step up from the simple type. They are an efficient means of relaying information by cancelling out repetitiveness. An example of a simple sentence would be “Mary dances funnily and fast”. This saves on words by combining two ideas because the information would otherwise be expressed as “Mary dances funnily. She dances fast”. Using a compound sentence, the verb “dances” does not have to be stated twice.
Complex Sentences Carry the Load
When there is even more information to be shared, complex sentences can prove very helpful, allowing information to be given faster. These sentences feature an independent clause in the same line with one dependent clause or more. The sentence, “Mary dances funnily, although she was professionally trained”, is categorized as complex. In this sentence, “Mary dances funnily” is the independent clause and “although she was professionally trained” is the dependent clause.
Complex-Compound Sentences Say a Lot
Up from complex sentences are those that are complex-compound. These sentences pull together two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. If, for example, there were two independent clauses such as, “Mary dances funnily” and “She doesn’t care what others think”, along with the dependent, “although people laugh out loud”, all of this could be combined to make the complex-compound sentence, “Mary dances funnily and doesn’t care what others think, although they laugh out loud”.
Right Branching Sentences Say It All
One of the different kinds of sentences that are more difficult to grasp for some is the right branching sentence. This sentence is the secret weapon of many highly skilled writers. Some of the best writers are highly praised simply because of the lengthy right-winged sentences they can create. They allow the author to fill up a page with interesting content, often for meeting a word count requirement, while avoiding fluff. These sentences start off with an independent clause and then pile up on the modifiers, enhancing the description and increasing information given. An example of a right branching sentence is, “Mary dances funnily in the studio where she was professionally trained by a 99-year old woman whose grandchildren like to laugh out loud while watching funny dancers”. It is very easy to get a lot of words in when using sentences such as this.
Left Branching Sentence Turn It Around
The left branching sentence is another type of sentence that shows off skill. While it increases the lexicon reading level of text, it can help make telling a story more interesting. This is because readers are left in suspense until they get to the end of the sentence. The left branching sentence allows writers to accomplish this simply by putting the modifier first. An example of a left branching sentence is, “While being laughed at by little children, Mary danced funnily”. This is another type of sentence that can easily reach to great lengths.
Reviewing the Other Types of Sentences
No discussion about the different kinds of sentences would be complete without covering the kinds of sentences that are categorized by what they express instead of how they are structured. For example, declarative sentences make a statement. The example, “Mary dances funnily”, is declarative. Imperative sentences state commands, such as, “Stop dancing”. Questions, like, “Why are you dancing?” are considered interrogative sentences. Finally, there are exclamatory sentences, such as. “Your dancing is funny!”. Learn to use the different kinds of sentences to be a better writer, speaker, and examiner of facts.
If you still need a bit of clarification about the 4 types of sentences, try that link to an article on TypesList.com. And for more about writing in general, try the article on the types of writing styles.